In today’s article, we will know What Is Diabetes? What Does Diabetes Mean for the Body?
Today we will know about diabetes, often people also call diabetes blood sugar. Whatever type of food we eat goes directly to our stomach and it goes into our blood through Antonia. Whatever we eat goes into our stomach, then all those things in the stomach go into the blood. When glucose does not enter the blood cells, then we consider it to be diabetes.
When we say anything, whatever it is, it goes into our blood and after it goes into the blood, it either gets stored in our muscles or gets stored in our liver. There are two conditions in this – our body is aware that it needs glucose all the time and our brain is such an organ that needs glucose continuously.
For that, we cannot eat all the time, so what does our body do, which is the muscles and liver. The entire glucose gets stored in it, then as soon as our brain needs glucose, then we do not eat all the time, otherwise when the glucose in our body increases. Then there is an organ in the body which we call Penkiraj. Our brain gives a signal to the pancreas, then the pancreas releases a hormone which is called insulin.
Who Gets Diabetes
Various people who are not overweight or who do not eat a lot of sugar have been resolved to have diabetes. It strikes everyone. Also, there is some indication that this would be a receiving issue in general. If you have a first-degree relative who has diabetes, you are more likely to have this problem.
It is a condition that is affected by the pregnancy and the mother’s frustration with her body’s use of the normally made insulin. This is achieved by the synthetic substances prescribed by the pregnancy and makes the mother insulin safer. Persistently, the mother develops high blood sugar levels, known as hyperglycemia.
If you have type 1 diabetes, your goal is to keep your blood sugar or sugar in the normal range, your doctor may suggest a combination of insulin therapy, other medications, and eating a healthy diet to keep your blood sugar in check. And getting regular exercise because your pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin. You’ll need to take insulin. This will replace what your body makes.
When Does Diabetes Occur
Hypoglycemia refers to diabetes. It occurs when people have too little sugar or glucose in their blood. While it is most of the time a result of diabetes treatment, hypoglycemia has different causes and can affect anyone. People who have this problem have low glucose levels.
Since the high glucose level in the blood of a person with diabetes affects the central vascular structure after some time, it also affects the nerves in different parts of your body. Most of the time the nerves in the legs are affected. Farthest from the brain, it is here where people with diabetes who have suffered nerve injuries do not habitually feel cold or tortured or heat.
Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes
What are the Signs and Symptoms due to which we can say that diabetes has happened?
- Increased Thirst – If a patient has diabetes, then he feels very thirsty, due to which he drinks a lot of water.
- Frequent Urination – When the patient drinks a lot of water, then he also gets a lot of urine. Which we call having frequent urination.
- Extreme Hunger – The patient often goes to the bathroom to urinate, due to which he also feels very hungry.
- Unexplained Weight Loss – He is unable to explain why my weight loss is happening and why. Meaning his weight loss is also there.
- Fatigue – There is a lot of tiredness at that time, there is a pain in the whole body.
- Irritability – He gets irritated with everything.
Today we will know about diabetes, often diabetes is also called blood sugar. Whatever type of food we eat goes directly to our stomach and goes into our blood. Whatever we eat goes into our stomach, then all those things in the stomach go into the blood. When glucose does not enter the blood cells, then we consider it to be diabetes.
When we say anything, whatever it is, it goes into our blood and after it goes into the blood, it either gets stored in our muscles or gets stored in our liver. There are two conditions in this – our body is aware that it needs glucose all the time and our brain is such an organ that needs glucose continuously. For that, we cannot eat all the time, so what does our body do, which is muscles and liver.
The entire glucose gets stored in it, then as soon as our brain needs glucose, then we do not eat all the time, otherwise when the glucose in our body increases. Then there is an organ in the body which we call Penkiraj.
Our brain gives a signal to the pancreas, then the pancreas releases a hormone which is called insulin. Insulin works by converting the extra glucose in our body into glycogen. That glycogen gets stored back in our muscles. Whenever our body and liver need glucose, again the brain that supplies glucose.
If there is a decrease in glucose in our body, then our body detects it and again sends a signal to the brain pancreas, which releases a new hormone called glucose. Glucose stores the same glycogen as glucose because there is less glucose in our bodies. But at that time we cannot eat because we may be on bus, train, motorcycle at that time. When there is a shortage of glucose in the body, then the glucose flows back into the body.
Treatment of Diabetes
Keeping blood sugar levels under strict control is very important for diabetic patients. If we talk about fasting blood sugar level then it should be less than 130 Mg/Dl and postprandial blood sugar level should be less than 180 mg/Dl and HBA1C level indicates that three months control of blood sugar is less than 7 needed.
Exercise Regularly –
Diabetics should do 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week and moderate-intensity aerobic activities include dancing, swimming, brisk walking, and cycling. So you can pick one from there and do them for at least 150 minutes per week.
Get Regular Health Check-ups and Tests –
Patients with diabetes should have their fasting blood sugar and postprandial blood sugar checked regularly, in addition to having HbA1c levels tested every 3 to 6 months. At least once a year, you should have the following checkup (which I’ll tell you right now). That’s why you need CBC, kidney function test, liver function test, and lipid profile in a blood test.
You must get tested at least once a year. Also, you should have an eye exam, especially a fundus exam that will reveal the condition of the retina. Also once a year you should have a foot examination, urine routine, and microscopy examination and at least once a year to have an ECG examination.
Diet Management –
Therefore diabetic patients should keep their total caloric intake constant and controlled per day and male diabetics should take 30 calories per kg per day and female patients should take 25 calories per kg per day. Apart from this, you should include high fiber foods in your diet and examples of high fiber foods and salads, green leafy vegetables. In addition, you should restrict your intake of carbohydrates especially refined sugars like flour and sugar. You should turn them off completely.
Apart from these, red meat found in pork and mutton should also be stopped. Instead, you can consume plant-based protein found in pulses. And you can also have seafood-based proteins like fish and prawns twice a week. Among the fats, you should avoid trans fats and saturated fats, and trans fats are found in fried foods. Fried foods are sources of trans fats which are very dangerous and sources of saturated fats are ghee, butter and you should restrict their intake too.
Instead, you should include fruits in your diet and diabetic patients can eat all kinds of freshly cut fruits and if we talk about fruit consumption then diabetic patients can eat 3-4 fruits per day.
Never Miss a Dose of Medicine –
Medicines, as prescribed by the doctor, should be taken in the recommended dosage and at the proper time and also in a proper manner, you must remember this and you should never stop any medicine without consulting your doctor Because it can be very harmful to you.
Manage Your Weight –
You also have to manage your weight properly and the ideal BMI range for Indians is between 18.5-22.9. So, you should try to keep your BMI in between this range i.e. between 18.5-22.9.
Avoid Stress –
You manage stress in your life properly as increased stress can also increase the blood sugar level. You must remember this. At least 7 hours of sleep is very important and good sleep also reduces stress and stress level is under control then your blood sugar level will also be under control and will be close to a normal level.
Manage Associated Comorbidities –
Therefore, if you have high blood pressure your blood pressure level should be less than 130/90 mmHg and for this, you should follow lifestyle measures, dietary management, and if any medications are also prescribed, then you should take them at the right time. If you are a heart attack patient, you have had a previous heart attack or have had a stroke, then if your doctor has prescribed aspirin, clopidogrel, or statins, then you should take them regularly.
But remember that you should never start these 3 medicines without a doctor’s advice. You should start these medicines only after consulting your doctor.